Tasting with Your Eyes 用雙眼品嚐美味

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2017/04/11 第309期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份∣直接訂閱
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Tasting with Your Eyes 用雙眼品嚐美味

by Marcus Maurice

Fake food is a multi-billion dollar industry in Japan.
食物模型為日本帶來數十億元的商機。
  It might be said that one of the weirdest sights in Asia is the fake food in display cases that people look at to decide what to eat. While this usually elicits▼ a chuckle▼, fake food is big business, especially in Japan. There, fake food is a century-old _(1)_, and restaurants pay billions of dollars for it per year. If fake food _(2)_ the customers, why not get the best of the best?
  While there are _(3)_ markets in South Korea and China, replica food goes back a long time in Japan. Japanese people are _(4)_, so they like to be able to see what they are going to eat. This is called tasting with the eyes. Fake food is not mass-produced. _(5)_, most of it is done by hand, and skillful artists customize each item for every restaurant. For this reason, fake food is not cheap, and most replicas of items _(6)_ from 10 to 20 times the amount of the actual dish.
  Fake food was started in the small town of Gujo Hachiman in 1917 by Takizo Iwasaki. According to a tall tale▼, Iwasaki’s wife was on her deathbed▼, and he was watching over her by candlelight. After watching the melting wax▼ of the candle, Iwasaki was inspired to create fake food, and he _(7)_ brought her a fake omelet. While this story may or may not be true, the fact is that fake food became very popular right after that, and the rest is history.

1. (A) tradition  (B) suppression  (C) tribute  (D) principle
2. (A) preys on  (B) stays out of  (C) zooms in on  (D) pulls in
3. (A) invalid  (B) emerging  (C) cordial  (D) skeptical
4. (A) envious  (B) delicious  (C) cautious  (D) rebellious
5. (A) Instead  (B) Likewise   (C) By the way  (D) By the same token
6. (A) spend  (B) cost  (C) take  (D) bring
7. (A) occasionally  (B) sensitively  (C) eventually  (D) harmoniously

 
  1. There, fake food is a century-old tradition, and restaurants pay billions of dollars for it per year.
    在該國,食物模型是一項百年傳統,餐廳每年為了它支付數十億元。
    理由:
    a. (A) tradition n. 傳統
    The man broke with tradition and left his business to his daughter instead of his son.
    該男子打破了傳統,把事業留給他的女兒而不是兒子。
    (B) suppression n. 壓制
    The suppression of the riots took more than a month.
    歷經一個多月才將暴動鎮壓下來。
    (C) tribute n. 敬意
    衍: pay tribute to…  向……致敬
    Thousands of people gathered at the funeral to pay tribute to the late Princess Diana.
    數千名群眾聚集在喪禮上向已故黛安娜王妃致敬。
    *late a. 已故的
    (D) principle n. 原則
    衍: a man of principle  有原則的人
    I agree with you in principle; it is your method that I disagree with.
    原則上我同意你,我不同意的是你的方法。
    You can trust Leo. He’s a man of principle.
    你可以信任里歐。他是個有原則的人。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。
  2. If fake food pulls in the customers, why not get the best of the best?
    如果食物模型可以吸引到客戶,何不選用最頂級的食物模型呢?
    理由:
    a. (A) prey on…  捕食……
    Eagles prey on small animals such as fish, birds, snakes, and rabbits.
    老鷹捕食像是魚、鳥、蛇和兔子之類的小型動物。
    (B) stay out of…  遠離/不捲入……
    It is best that you stay out of Rachel and Allen’s argument since it doesn’t involve you.
    既然瑞秋和艾倫的問題與你無關,你就最好不要捲入其中。
    (C) zoom in on…  (照相機等的鏡頭)向……推近
    zoom vi.(用變焦鏡頭把物體)拉近 /推遠 & n. 變焦鏡頭
    衍: zoom out  將鏡頭拉遠
    The cameras all zoomed in on the pretty models instead of the latest computers.
    所有照相機的鏡頭全都朝美麗的模特兒拉近,而非最新款的電腦。
    If you want to take a picture of the whole garden, you’ll have to zoom out.
    如果你想拍整座花園的照片,你得把鏡頭推遠。
    (D) pull in…  吸引……
    The famous opera pulled in many people.
    這齣著名的歌劇吸引許多人前來觀賞。
    *opera n. 歌劇
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。
  3. While there are emerging markets in South Korea and China, replica food goes back a long time in Japan.
    雖然南韓和中國皆有其新興市場,食物樣品在日本已流傳許久。
    理由:
    a. (A) invalid a. 無效的
    Luke’s passport has expired and is therefore invalid.
    路克的護照已經過期,因此失效了。
    *expire vi. 過期,到期
    (B) emerging a. 新興的
    The emerging nation was plagued with a very high rate of inflation.
    這個新興國家之前飽受通貨膨脹所苦。
    *be plagued with…  因……困擾
    inflation n. 通貨膨脹
    (C) cordial a. 熱忱的
    With cordial hospitality, Mr. and Mrs. Peterson offered me tea and cookies.
    彼得森夫婦熱忱地招待我喝茶跟吃餅乾。
    *hospitality n. 好客
    (D) skeptical a. 懷疑的
    Professor Brown is skeptical of the existence of life on other planets.
    布朗教授對其他星球是否有生物存在持懷疑態度。
    *existence n. 存在
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。
  4. Japanese people are cautious, so they like to be able to see what they are going to eat.
    日本人很謹慎,他們想先看到即將要吃下的食物。
    理由:
    a. (A) envious a. 羨慕的
    衍: be envious of…  羨慕……
    All of us are envious of Nick because his parents buy him anything he wants.
    我們都很羨慕尼克,因為他父母會買給他任何他想要的東西。
    (B) delicious a. 好吃的,美味的
    The cheeseburger is delicious. I’m glad that I made the right decision.
    這個起士漢堡很好吃。我真高興做了正確的決定。
    (C) cautious a. 謹慎的,小心的
    Nancy is a cautious person, and she thinks twice before she does anything.
    南西是個謹慎的人,她在做任何事前都會三思。
    *think twice  再三考慮,三思
    (D) rebellious a. 叛逆的,反叛的
    Dennis’ rebellious nature worried his parents.
    丹尼斯叛逆的天性讓他父母很擔心。
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。
  5. Instead, most of it is done by hand, and skillful artists customize each item for every restaurant.
    大多數的模型反而都是手工製成,由技巧純熟的藝術家為每家餐廳量身訂做。
    理由:
    a. (A) instead adv. 反而,卻
    As a student, David doesn’t study hard. Instead, he plays around all day.
    身為學生,大衛沒有用功讀書。他反而整天到處鬼混。
    (B) likewise adv. 同樣地
    You should treat your parents well. Likewise, you should love your children.
    你應善待父母。同樣地,你也應愛孩子。
    (C) by the way  順便一提,對了
    By the way, I’m not going to be in the office tomorrow.
    對了,我明天不會來公司上班。
    (D) by the same token  同樣地;同理
    I always respect others’ privacy. By the same token, I don’t want anyone to encroach upon mine.
    我向來尊重他人的隱私。同樣地,我也不願別人侵犯我的隱私。
    *encroach upon…  侵犯……
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。
  6. For this reason, fake food is not cheap, and most replicas of items cost from 10 to 20 times the amount of the actual dish.
    因此,食物模型並不便宜,大多數樣品的價錢是真正菜餚的十到二十倍。
    理由:
    a. (A) spend vt. 花費(三態為:spend, spent, spent。)
    衍: spend + 時間/金錢 + V-ing  花多少時間/金錢從事……
    Mark spends most of his allowance buying books.
    馬克把大部份的零用錢都花在買書上。
    (B) cost vt. 花費(三態同形)
    衍: sth cost sb + 金錢  某物花某人多少錢
    This dress cost me NT$5,000.
    這件洋裝花了我新臺幣五千元。
    (C) take vt. 花費
    衍: It takes sb + 時間 + to V  做某事花了某人……時間
    It took Queenie one hour to finish her homework.
    奎妮花了一個鐘頭寫完作業。
    (D) bring vt. 帶來(三態為:bring, brought, brought。)
    Anna’s boyfriend brought her a bunch of roses.
    安娜的男友帶了一束玫瑰花給她。
    *bunch n. 一束
    b. 根據上述用法,(B) 項應為正選。
  7. After watching the melting wax of the candle, Iwasaki was inspired to create fake food, and he eventually brought her a fake omelet.
    岩崎看到蠟燭融化的蠟油後,激發他創造出食物模型,最終為她做出了一個幾可亂真的歐姆蛋。
    理由:
    a. (A) occasionally adv. 偶爾,有時候
    同: on occasion
    I’ve been too busy to exercise regularly, but I manage to go swimming occasionally.
    我一直太忙沒辦法規律運動,不過我還是設法偶爾去游泳。
    (B) sensitively adv. 敏感地
    衍: sensitive a. 敏感的
    be sensitive to…  對……敏感
    The investigation needs to be handled sensitively.
    這項調查需要謹慎處理。
    *investigation n. 調查
    Don’t be so sensitive to what people say about you.
    別對他人對你的評論那麼敏感。
    (C) eventually adv. 最後
    衍: eventual a. 最後的,終究的
    If you work hard, you will eventually achieve your goals.
    如果你努力,最後一定會達成目標。
    I have confidence in our team’s eventual victory.
    我有信心我們的隊伍會贏得最後的勝利。
    (D) harmoniously adv. 和諧地
    衍: harmonious a. 和諧的
    The ocean has many life forms living harmoniously.
    海洋中有許多和諧共存的生物。
    After Kim and Tom married, they moved
    to the country and led a harmonious life there.
    小金和湯姆結婚之後搬到鄉下,小倆口在那裡過著和諧的生活。
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。
  1. taste vt. 品嚐(之後接名詞作受詞)& vi. 嚐起來(之後接形容詞)
    Taste the soup and tell me if I should put more salt in it.
    嚐嚐這個湯,告訴我是否我應多加一點鹽。
    The food tastes a bit sour; obviously it has gone bad.
    這個食物嚐起來有點酸;顯然它餿掉了。
    *obviously adv. 明顯地
  2. weird a. 奇特的;怪異的
    Ken’s weird outfit drew a lot of attention.
    阿肯的奇裝異服引起了許多人的側目。
  3. display n. 陳列;展出 & vt. 展示
    衍: be on display  被陳列;展覽中
    = be on exhibition
    A large number of ancient Egyptian artifacts are on display at the museum.
    很多古埃及出土文物正在這間博物館展覽中。
    *artifact n. 文物,工藝品
    The artwork displayed in the train station was done by local children.
    在火車站展示的藝術品是當地小孩的作品。
  4. replica n. 複製品
    The imaginative artist turned the soda cans into a replica of Taipei 101.
    那名富想像力的藝術家將汽水罐變成了臺北 101 大樓的複製品。
    *imaginative a. 富有想像力的
  5. mass-produced a. 大量生產的
    mass n. 大量 & a. 大量的,大規模的
    衍: a mass of…  大量的……
    Standardized miniature golf courses were mass-produced in the US as of 1916.
    自 1916 年起,美國大量製造標準的迷你高爾夫球場。
    *standardized a. 標準化的
    Andy processed a mass of data in a short time.
    安迪在很短的時間內處理了一大堆資料。
    They are promoting their products on a mass scale.
    他們正大規模地促銷其產品。
  6. skillful a. 有技術的,老練的
    衍: be skillful in / at…  對……很在行
    = be good at…
    Peter is skilled in many things. He can paint, write poetry, and play the piano.
    彼得精通很多事物。他會畫畫、寫詩以及彈鋼琴。
  7. customize vt. 訂做
    衍: custom-made a. 訂製的
    The chef creates customized dishes for patrons allergic to peanuts.
    這位廚師為對花生過敏的老主顧製作了客製化的料理。
    *patron n. 顧客
    be allergic to…  對……過敏
    I gave Olivia a custom-made leather jacket for her birthday.
    我送奧莉薇一件訂製的皮夾克作為生日禮物。
  8. candlelight n. 燭光
    The music and candlelight set a romantic mood.
    音樂和燭光營造出浪漫的氣氛。
  9. omelet n. 歐姆蛋,煎蛋捲
    衍: a poached egg  一枚荷包蛋
    a fried egg  一枚煎蛋
    scrambled eggs  炒蛋
    a hard-boiled egg  一枚煮得硬硬的白煮蛋
    a soft-boiled egg  一枚略煮、半透明的白煮蛋
▼ elicit vt. 引出;誘出
▼ chuckle n. 竊笑
▼ a tall tale  荒誕不經的故事
▼ deathbed n. 臨終所臥的床
▼ wax n. 蠟 & vt. 打蠟
衍: get a bikini wax  為了穿比基尼而做的蜜蠟除毛
  1. get the best of…  戰勝/擊敗……
    Problems arise when we let our anger get the best of us.
    當我們讓憤怒凌駕我們之上,問題就會產生。
    *arise vi. 產生,出現(三態為:arise, arose, arisen。)
  2. the rest is history  其他的事是眾所周知
    Tim and Jessica fell in love, and the rest is history.
    提姆和潔西卡墜入情網,接下來的事你都知道了。

用雙眼品嚐美味
食物模型為日本帶來數十億元的商機。
  看著展示櫃裡的食物模型來決定要吃什麼也許可以說是亞洲最奇特的景象之一。雖然這通常會讓人會心一笑,食物模型卻是個大商機,尤其是在日本。在該國,食物模型是一項百年傳統,餐廳每年為了它支付數十億元。如果食物模型可以吸引到客戶,何不選用最頂級的食物模型呢?
  雖然南韓和中國皆有其新興市場,食物樣品在日本已流傳許久。日本人很謹慎,他們想先看到即將要吃下的食物。這也是一種視覺饗宴。食物模型不是大量生產。大多數的模型反而都是手工製成,由技巧純熟的藝術家為每家餐廳量身訂做。因此,食物模型並不便宜,大多數樣品的價錢是真正菜餚的十到二十倍。
  食物模型起始於 1917 年日本郡上市的小鎮,由岩崎瀧山發明。根據一則荒誕不經的故事,當時岩崎藉著燭光照料著臥病在床的太太。岩崎看到蠟燭融化的蠟油後,激發他創造出食物模型,最終為她做出了一個幾可亂真的歐姆蛋。雖然這個故事的真實性有待商榷,食物模型從此走紅卻是事實,剩下的故事眾所皆知了。
答案: 1. A 2. D 3. B 4. C 5. A 6. B 7. C
 
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